The origins of counselling can be traced back to the 18th Century when the industrial revolution brought change to many Western societies. Before this time most people lived in small rural communities and it was often the head of the church that would look after the emotion, spiritual and interpersonal problems. Once the industrial revolution began there was a move to place people with serious mental illnesses in asylums. It was the medical profession that were in control of these asylums and towards the end of the 19th Century the medical specialisation of psychiatry emerged. (Psychiatry is the science of treating mental illness). Counselling shares some similarities to Psychiatry but is a unique field in itself. Because of lack of access to the medical system Counselling provides a social justice component because it was easier to access by less well-off people who might not be able to afford care from the medical profession